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In 1964, Jacques Lacan (1901–1981) founded the Ecole Freudienne de Paris[1], an institute based on the Freudian School of Thought. He believed that for the psychoanalytic experience to "form the basis of a positive science, it has to be "universally verfiable".[2] There must be an ongoing transmission of knowledge from analyst to and analysand who in turn beomes an analyst. Thus, he created the institute solely for that purpose. The institute was later disbanded in 1980.

"We are what we are on the basis of something that we experience to be missing from us — our understanding of the other — that is the other side of the split out of which our unconscious must emerge. Because we experience this 'something missing' as a lack we desire to close it, to fill it in, to replace it with something. Lacan calls this lack desire. Desire is what cannot be satisfied even when our demands are met. All our needs are at once converted into desires that cannot be satisfactorily fulfilled. This is why sexuality cannot be considered as the result of a need. The unconscious manifests itself by the way it insists on filling the 'gap' that has been left by the very thing the subject feels is lacking in him or her, that is the unconscious! (The unconscious attempts to fill in the gap caused by the unconscious)."
Lacan and Language[3]

Interestingly, in Xenogears, the character Lacan who saw his beloved Sophia die in front of him, despised himself for not being able to do anything about it. He felt powerless, and because of this lack of inherent power, he thirsted for it. As a result, he began to search for the 'Power of Zohar' or the 'Legendary Power'.

Appears in


  1. Ecole de la Cause Freudienne.
  2. Roustan, François; translated by Greg Sims (1990). Lacanian Delusion, The, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19506-399-6.
  3. Lacan and Language.
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