Rosetta Stone, The

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The Rosetta Stone is part of a granitoid stela, originally about six feet in height which was set up in March, 196 BC. It is a copy of a decree passed by a general council of priests which assembled at Memphis on the first anniversary of the coronation of Ptolemy V Epiphanes, king of all Egypt. The text concerns the honours bestowed on the king by temples of Egypt in return for services rendered by him to Egypt both at home and abroad. Priestly privileges, especially those of an economic nature, are listed in detail.

The Rosetta Stone was discovered near the town of Rashid (Rosetta) in the Nile delta in 1799 by a French soldier named Pierre-Francois Bouchard who belonged to Napoleon's army. The stone was subsequently ceded to the British government by the terms of the treaty of Alexandria in 1801 and has been exhibited in the British Museum since 1802.[1]

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  1. Thanks to Karl for contributing to this article.
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